Although the history of dogmatism is usually framed in epistemological terms, as ranging from Glanvill’s criticism of Hobbes to Locke, Hume, and Kant, the history of dogmatism as “a weapon of offence” can also be written from a rhetorical point of view, with particular attention to the historical connotations invoked by the term. Why was dogmatism so often presented as a “relapse” (Rückfall) into pre-critical thinking? Was dogmatism, notwithstanding Kuhn’s attempt at rehabilitation, an effective charge mainly because it relegated opponents to a superseded stage in the development of science? And why was dogmatism often associated with phrases such as Glanvill’s “vanity of dogmatizing,” Kant’s “dogmatic slumber,” and Huxley’s “history records that whenever science and dogmatism have been fairly opposed, the latter has been forced to retire from the lists, bleeding and crushed”? This sub-project traces how, why, and under what circumstances 19th- and 20th-century scientists invoked the trope of “dogmatism,” especially though not exclusively in controversies. What does in-depth analysis of such controversies reveal about the rhetorical power of dogmatism and to what extent does this help explain the persistence of dogmatism over time?
As per September 1, 2019, the Leiden University Institute for History will be appointing a postdoc researcher within the NWO-funded VICI project Scholarly Vices: A Longue Durée History, supervised by Professor Herman Paul (https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/staffmembers/herman-paul).
Conducting research on the history of scholarly dogmatism;
The postdoc position is fulltime (1.0 FTE). The successful applicant will receive a one-year contract. After positive evaluation, the contract will be extended for two years.
The salary is in accordance with the collective salary agreement of the Association of Dutch Universities (CAO) and depending on qualifications and experience, the gross monthly salary is € 2,709 (scale 10) to € 4,978 (scale 11) for a full working week. Leiden University also offers and annual holiday premium of 8% and an end-of-year premium of 8.3%.
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The overall project, Scholarly Vices: A Longue Durée History, revolves around a simple question: Why do scholars still evaluate each other’s work in terms that are often centuries old? Although modern science differs considerably from early modern learning, 17th-century terms like “dogmatism,” “prejudice,” and “speculation” are still being used, even if their meanings have changed over time. The project tries to explain the persistence of this cultural repertoire by zooming in on (1) interaction between idioms (cultural repertoires) available to scholars at certain points in time, (2) mechanisms that help transmit repertoires across time and place, and (3) rhetorical purposes for which repertoires can be used.
Drawing on a wide array of 18th, 19th, and 20th-century sources from across the academic spectrum, the project tests three hypotheses: (1) early modern language of vice persisted in productive interaction with modern notions of “bias,” “subjectivity,” and “conflicts of interest”; (2) commonplaces, anecdotes, and stereotypes (“dark Middle Ages”) were major mechanisms of transmission; and (3) language of vice was attractive, not despite, but because of its time-honored origins.B
y doing so, the project hopes to enrich our understanding of continuity and discontinuity between early modern learning and modern science. It hopes to build bridges between fields (in the sciences, humanities, and social sciences) that are too often studied in isolation from each other. Finally, in the realm of knowledge utilization, it wants to encourage scholars to reflect on contemporary scholarly virtues and vices.
Within this overarching project, one fulltime, three-year postdoc position is available.
Leiden University is strongly committed to diversity within its community and especially welcomes applications from members of underrepresented groups.
A more extensive project description is available upon request from Professor Herman Paul (firstname.lastname@example.org).