Applications are invited for a fully funded, four-year PhD position within the research project “Building Peace: Transitional Justice in Early Modern France,” financed by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) and led by Dr. David van der Linden.
How can societies achieve a lasting peace in the wake of civil war? The United Nations advocate transitional justice, which aims to address wartime grievances and promote reconciliation by means of prosecution, truth and reconciliation committees, reparations, and memorials. Yet transitional justice has a far longer history, dating back at least to the early modern period. The aim of this project is to investigate the transitional justice mechanisms created in the aftermath of the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598), and to study the long-term impact of such efforts on religious peace and reconciliation.
In collaboration with the other project members, the PhD candidate will work on their own sub-project “Trial and Error: Transitional Justice in the Bipartisan Courts of Early Modern France.” Transitional justice scholars typically argue that criminal justice is crucial in overcoming conflict, because it allows citizens to settle disputes in court rather than resort to vengeful violence. Victims are also more likely to leave the past behind when they see perpetrators are being held to account. The PhD candidate will test these assumptions by examining the bipartisan tribunals of early modern France, known as the chambres de l’édit (Chambers of the Edict). Staffed by both Protestant and Catholic judges, they had to ensure an even-handed resolution of disputes arising from the religious wars, including the restitution of confiscated property, disputes over the placement of churches, and lawsuits that threatened the regime of religious coexistence. Research will focus on the chambre de l’édit of Languedoc, a region with above-average concentrations of Protestants and ongoing religious tensions after 1598.
The full text of the proposal is available at www.dcvanderlinden.com/building-peace.
The University of Groningen, founded in 1614, is an international research university in the north of the Netherlands. Our staff create and share knowledge through outstanding research and education. The Faculty of Arts – which includes the History department – is located in the historic heart of the city of Groningen. Our research covers the following fields: Archaeology, Cultural Studies, History, International Relations, Journalism, Language and Literary Studies, and Linguistics.
The PhD candidate will be enrolled in the Graduate School for the Humanities, affiliated with the Research Institute for the Study of Culture Groningen (ICOG), and based at the Department of History. The candidate will also have the opportunity to join the Huizinga School for Cultural History, the Dutch national training programme for PhD students in history, which offers courses in planning and editing, as well as regular workshops.
How to apply
Applications should be made in English and contain the following materials:
Deadline for applications: 8 November 2021 11:59pm (Dutch local time). Interviews with selected candidates will be held on 3 December 2021.